Dr. Rafael Medoff
(JNS) The Al Jazeera media network has filed suit against Israel over the accidental shooting of its reporter Shireen Abu Akleh. The history of extremists suing prominent Jews suggests that Al Jazeera may regret what its lawsuit will reveal.
The suit that Al Jazeera has filed in the International Criminal Court could shine an embarrassing spotlight on the network itself. Those who do not regularly follow Al Jazeera might be surprised to learn that it is “a major exporter of hateful content against the Jewish people, Israel and the United States,” according to the Anti-Defamation League.
The ADL points out that Al Jazeera “has sought to cast doubt upon the Nazi genocide of the Jewish people” (referring to it as “the alleged Holocaust”); “routinely glorifies violence against Israeli Jews”; and has ranted against what it calls “the control of the Jews over the pornography industry.” Al Jazeera also has a record of “providing a platform to all manner of virulent anti-Israel and even antisemitic extremists” in its commentary sections, the ADL notes.
Another question is whether Al Jazeera should be compelled to register with the U.S. Justice Department as a foreign agent, just as the Russian television channel RT was required to register as an agent of the Russian government. Al Jazeera was founded by the government of Qatar, receives funding from that government and maintains “extensive ties to the Qatari regime,” according to the ADL. Both Al Jazeera and the Qatari corporation for public broadcasting are overseen by the same government official, and the U.S. ambassador in Doha “determined a number of years ago that Qatar’s government uses Al Jazeera as a tool of Qatari statecraft,” the ADL reports.
Hearings before the ICC about the Abu Akleh case would enable the defense to ask uncomfortable questions about both the content of Al Jazeera’s reporting and the details of its relationship with Qatar.
Al Jazeera’s lawsuit against Israel is somewhat reminiscent of the legal actions initiated by the antisemitic agitator Benjamin Freedman against American Jewish organizations in the 1940s.
Freedman, a New York businessman who was born Jewish but embraced Catholicism, placed large advertisements in the American press in 1946 accusing Jews of trying to “drag [the U.S.] into a war to create a nationalist sovereign Jew state in Palestine.” The ads were signed by the “League for Peace with Justice in Palestine,” accompanied by the names of Freedman, as a “representative” of “Persons of the Jewish Faith”; R. M. Schoendorf, representing “Persons of the Christian Faith”; and Habib I. Katibah, on behalf of “Persons of Arab Ancestry.”
The American Jewish Committee charged that the purported interfaith coalition was a sham. “R. M. Schoendorf” was actually Freedman’s wife, Rose, and Katibah was—as the AJC described him—a veteran “Arab propagandist” who did not represent any constituency. Freedman promptly filed suit, demanding $5 million in damages.
An AJC leader welcomed the suit as “an opportunity to demonstrate in court the nature and character” of Freedman and his alleged organization. The suit was dismissed before it went far enough to delve into those details, but two years later, the litigious Mr. Freedman reopened pandora’s box.
In 1948, Freedman’s attorney and close associate, Hallam Richardson, sued the Non-Sectarian Anti-Nazi League because one of its pamphlets stated that the two men had “long been known in the halls of pro-Fascist propagandists.” The hearings before the Manhattan Magistrates Court proved disastrous for Freedman’s side.
The defense produced a cable sent by Freedman to Haj Amin Al-Husseini, the Palestinian Arab mufti and Nazi collaborator, praising Husseini’s “vision, courage, strength and struggle [on] behalf [of] justice” and vowing “fullest cooperation” with the mufti’s war against the Jews. The defense also revealed a document in which Freedman reported to an associate that he had recently “negotiated [the] immediate establishment” of a “submachine gun factory” in Pakistan. On the witness stand, Freedman refused to explain how the machine guns were to be used.
Freedman made for a colorful witness, not least because he kept shooting himself in the foot. In one outburst, he denounced the journalists covering the trial as “lice.” He also used the insulting term “Jew state,” for which the court repeatedly admonished him.
Nor did it help that Freedman’s colleague and attorney, Hallam Richardson, had worked with one of the era’s most notorious antisemites, Joe McWilliams of the “Christian Mobilizers” movement. “When [Richardson] talks about representing McWilliams, of course he has the right to represent him,” the judge remarked. “But when he becomes an associate of McWilliams, the notorious hate-monger, he has very little to complain about.”
Not surprisingly, the judge dismissed the suit, finding that Freedman was “a crackpot” and that the Non-Sectarian League’s criticism of him and Richardson was “proven to be true.”
If Al Jazeera’s directors are not familiar with Benjamin Freedman, this might be the time to read up on him. While they apparently believe their lawsuit will expose something unfavorable about Israel, it is more likely that it will end up revealing facts about Al Jazeera that they might prefer not be made public.
Dr. Rafael Medoff is founding director of The David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies and author of more than 20 books about Jewish history and the Holocaust. His latest is America and the Holocaust: A Documentary History, published by the Jewish Publication Society & University of Nebraska Press.
The article originally appeared in the Jewish Journal