Americans’ Fear Of Catching COVID-19 Drops To Record Low: Gallup

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. (NIAID-RML via AP)

BY RJ REINHART-Gallup Press Release

At the same time Americans’ satisfaction with the rollout of the COVID-19 vaccine has surged, their concerns about getting the virus and about the availability of coronavirus tests and hospital services/treatment have fallen to record lows.

Thirty-five percent of U.S. adults now say they are very or somewhat worried about contracting COVID-19, the lowest point in Gallup’s trend since April 2020. Twenty-two percent of Americans are very or moderately worried about access to hospital services/treatment, and 14% are just as worried about access to COVID-19 tests.

Line graph. The percentages of Americans who worry about catching COVID-10, access to medical services and treatments, and tests for the disease. 35% of Americans now worry about contracting COVID-19. 22% worry about access to medical services and treatments. And, 14% are concerned about access to tests for the disease.

These data come from Gallup’s latest COVID-19 probability-based web panel survey, conducted March 15-21 as vaccination rates continued to climb across the country. The current 35% worried about contracting COVID-19 is down 14 percentage points from February, and well off the record-high 59% of Americans who voiced concerns about catching the disease last summer. That high came as the number of COVID-19 cases surged following the lifting of restrictions on businesses in June.

Worry about contracting COVID-19 is down among almost all key segments of society since February, especially among older adults. The decline among older Americans, and the decline more generally, may be tied to the increase in the percentage of Americans who are fully vaccinated. That group has one of the lowest levels of worry among all major subgroups, with 21% (down from 36%) expressing concerns about getting COVID-19.

Americans’ Worry About Contracting COVID-19, by Subgroup
How worried are you that you will get the coronavirus (COVID-19)? (% Somewhat/Very worried)
Feb 14-21 Mar 15-21 Change
% % pct. pts.
U.S. adults 49 35 -14
Gender
Men 44 29 -15
Women 54 39 -15
Age
18-44 53 42 -11
45-64 46 32 -14
65+ 46 21 -25
Race/Ethnicity
White adults 46 30 -16
Non-White adults 56 45 -11
Party ID
Democrats 69 50 -19
Independents 43 30 -13
Republicans 27 17 -10
Education
College graduate 58 40 -18
Not college graduate 45 32 -13
Vaccination status
Fully vaccinated 36 21 -15
Partially vaccinated 55 37 -18
Plan to get vaccinated 66 49 -17
Do not plan to get vaccinated 19 19 0
GALLUP PANEL, 2021

However, substantial subgroup differences in levels of worry persist, particularly by political affiliation. Half of Democrats continue to be very or somewhat worried about contracting the disease, compared with 17% of Republicans and 30% of independents. Additionally, there are substantial differences among age groups, with 42% of those aged 18 to 44 worried, compared with 32% of those aged 45 to 64 and 21% of those aged 65 and older.

Naturally, being vaccinated is associated with lower levels of worry about contracting COVID-19, but this only applies to those who are fully vaccinated. Among those Americans who report having received the full course of the vaccine, 21% are worried about catching COVID-19. But the rate among those only partially vaccinated (defined as receiving only one dose of a two-dose vaccine) is 37%, similar to the national average.

Those who plan to get the vaccine but have not currently done so are the most likely segment of Americans to be concerned about contracting the disease, with 49% saying so. Conversely, those who do not plan to be vaccinated are among the least likely, with 19% reporting worry about contracting COVID-19.

Roughly Eight in 10 Americans See Situation Improving

This decline in worry comes as Americans’ assessment of the COVID-19 situation in the U.S. is the most positive, by far, that it’s been at any point during the pandemic. Seventy-seven percent of Americans now say the situation is getting better, up from 60% in February and 33% in January. Before January, the high was 47%, recorded last June as states were lifting restrictions on businesses. Positive impressions of the situation have sunk below 20% several times, including as recently as December.

Line graph. Americans’ perceptions of the COVID-19 situation in the U.S. 77% now see the situation as improving, while 7% see it as getting worse.

Perceptions that the COVID-19 situation is getting better have improved among all key subgroups, although slight differences persist. Notably, the percentage of Republicans who say the situation is improving increased by 23 points to 75%, though this remains below the 84% of Democrats who now say the same. Additionally, optimism among men rose 20 points; 80% now say the COVID-19 situation is getting better.

Americans’ Perceptions of the Current State of the Coronavirus Situation
What’s your impression of the coronavirus situation in the U.S. today?
Feb 14-21 Mar 15-21 Change in “getting better”
% % % % pct. pts.
Getting better Getting worse Getting better Getting worse
U.S. adults 60 14 77 7 +17
Gender
Men 60 13 80 6 +20
Women 61 14 74 9 +13
Age
18-44 58 14 74 8 +16
45-64 59 14 77 7 +18
65+ 68 12 85 6 +17
Race/Ethnicity
White adults 60 13 77 6 +17
Non-White adults 62 15 76 10 +14
Party ID
Democrats 71 12 84 6 +13
Independents 53 17 69 10 +16
Republicans 52 11 75 5 +23
Education
College graduate 70 10 82 5 +12
Not college graduate 57 14 74 8 +17
Vaccination status
Fully vaccinated 73 8 88 4 +15
Partially vaccinated 74 9 83 5 +9
Plan to get vaccinated 65 14 80 7 +15
Do not plan to get vaccinated 45 14 63 10 +18
Responses indicating the situation is “staying the same” not included
GALLUP PANEL, 2021

Modestly Fewer Americans Seeing COVID-19 Disruption

As they have from the early days of the pandemic, a majority of Americans (64%) continue to say their lives have been disrupted a great deal or fair amount by the coronavirus situation. This is down modestly from the 70% who said the same in February and roughly equal to the 65% recorded last June. At that time, states began loosening restrictions on businesses as infection rates dropped. However, the number of cases climbed again shortly after, and these restrictions largely returned.

The drop in the percentage of Americans seeing COVID-19-related disruption in their lives may be at least partly due to a decline in the number of adults who say they are engaging in strict social distancing practices.

Line graph. Americans’ perceptions of disruption in their lives due to COVID-19. 64% of Americans now say their lives have been disrupted due to the disease, while 36% say they have not experienced disruption due to COVID-19.

When asked how long they believe the disruption from COVID-19 will continue, a majority of Americans see it continuing for the foreseeable future. Thirty-three percent say it will last “a few more months,” while 44% predict it will persist through the end of 2021 and 19% see it continuing longer. A different version of this question asked in February found 38% of Americans believing the disruption would last through the first half of 2021 while 52% believed it would continue longer than that.

Bottom Line

Americans have become substantially less worried about contracting COVID-19 as a growing proportion of adults have been fully vaccinated and as satisfaction with the vaccine rollout has improved. These shifts have occurred while coronavirus infection rates have fallen substantially from highs reached in January of this year. Optimism about the COVID-19 situation has also spiked to a record high. Gallup previously observed a meaningful relationship between Americans’ perceptions of the coronavirus situation and changes in reported numbers of daily new cases.

After the March survey was conducted, infection rates began to rise again. This may be at least partially connected to the decrease in reported strict social distancing by Americans at a time when more contagious variants of the virus are spreading. Public health experts see the U.S. now in a race to get large numbers of Americans vaccinated before those variants spread further. The outcome of that race will determine the future course of infections in the U.S. and will likely determine whether Americans show continued increasing optimism about the COVID-19 situation or a course correction in their attitudes.

Learn more about how the Gallup Panel works.