As part of its Stop the Jew Hatred on Campus program, the David Horowitz Freedom Center has been putting up anti-BDS, anti-terrorism posters at schools notorious for fostering groups like Students for Justice in Palestine (SJP) that support terrorism. One of those schools is Brooklyn College, where actions such as storming a faculty meeting with demands for “Zionists off campus” or support for anti-Israel terrorism are facts of everyday life.
One of the posters depicts Raja Abdul Haq, a Brooklyn College student and BDS supporter. The poster contains a quote from Haq stating “It’s very important to always remember that Western colonial powers are as guilty as Israel…especially the USA.” Israel has always been the canary in the mine for the holy war that radical Islamists have declared on America and the West.
A second poster depicts a gun-toting Hamas terrorist holding the strings of a puppet labeled “American Muslims for Palestine” which in turn controls a marionette labeled “Students for Justice in Palestine.” Students for Justice in Palestine (SJP) is described as “The chief sponsor of anti-Israel and anti-Jewish activities on campus.” Hamas is identified as “A terror organization pledged to wipe out Israel” (a goal explicitly stated in the Hamas charter) while AMP is the “Hamas-created chief organizer and funder of SJP.” The poster also depicts shadowed bodies lying in pools of blood, illustrating the bloody deeds of Hamas’s campaign of terror against the Jews. The poster contains the hashtag #JewHatred and the Freedom Center’s website, www.HorowitzFreedomCenter.org.
A third poster created by the Freedom Center asks sardonically, “Do you want to show your support for Hamas terrorists whose stated goal is the elimination of the Jewish people and the Jewish state?” and answers the question with “Join us! Students for Justice in Palestine.” The poster then lists the names of student and faculty leaders on campus who promote the genocidal Boycott Divest and Sanctions movement against Israel.
Two weeks ago the Freedom Center posters were put up overnight at Brooklyn College and subsequently taken down, as Brooklyn News 12 reported.
A letter written to the students, staff and faculty by Brooklyn College President Michelle J. Anderson was sent to us here at The Jewish Voice. The missive takes aim at Horowitz Center and their activities but does little in the way of providing concrete evidence that free speech is truly protected at Brooklyn College. In the sake of fair and balanced reporting, we are publishing both the letter from Ms. Anderson and the reply penned by legal counsel representing David Horowitz. We will let our readers draw their own conclusions
LETTER FROM BROOKLYN COLLEGE PRESIDENT MICHELLE J. ANDERSON
Dear Students, Staff, and Faculty:
In early October, the David Horowitz Freedom Center from Sherman Oaks, California, published what it claimed was a catalog of “The Top Ten Schools Supporting Terrorists.” Brooklyn College led the alphabetized list.
The Horowitz Center’s credentials to make such a claim are suspect. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, the Horowitz Center has “become the premier financier of anti-Muslim voices and radical ideologies, as well as acting as an exporter of misinformation.” This list is an example of misinformation.
Brooklyn College never has and never will support terrorism. Brooklyn College is one of the most richly diverse academic communities in the world, where students of many races, nationalities, and religious faiths study and learn in peace. Yarmulkes and hijabs are as common as band t-shirts and studded leather jackets. Our nearly 18,000 students come from 150 countries and speak more than 100 languages. As a result, our students learn to engage with difference and complexity, which fosters their inter-cultural competence and enriches the educational experience for all.
Brooklyn College has more than 100 student groups. These groups are not funded by the college or tax dollars, but by student fees. They span an array of interests and include student government, cultural and identity-based clubs, sports teams, spiritual and faith-based groups, including an active Hillel club, student newspapers, political and social organizations, and community-service clubs. The college also has a chapter of Students for Justice in Palestine (SJP), which has engaged in demonstrations on campus to protest certain policies or actions of the State of Israel.
I have spent time with Brooklyn College students and faculty members across the political spectrum on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and I have noted that they are often eager to befriend people with whom they disagree. A devout Muslim student, for example, told me he is deeply grateful for his Orthodox Jewish faculty mentor. An active Jewish student told me that she is friends with members of SJP. “We don’t fight about the Middle East,” she said. Jews and Muslims live with sometimes divergent and strongly held beliefs but engage one another with information, perspective, and respect. We are a racially, economically, religiously, and politically diverse community, and we aim to live in peace.
Some outsiders, however, wish to foster conflict and hate. In the early morning hours of Oct. 17, posters were hung outside the gates of Brooklyn College. Styled as apparent recruitment posters for SJP, they asked, “Do you want to show your support for Hamas terrorists, whose stated goal is the elimination of the Jewish people?” Then “Join Us,” they implored, listing the names of SJP student leaders and a faculty supporter. The Horowitz Center claimed responsibility for the posters.
Around the same time, Tufts, San Francisco State, Vassar, the University of Chicago, the University of Tennessee, Berkeley, UCLA, and UC Irvine all saw similar posters naming local SJP leaders deface their campuses.
In response to the posters, a recent graduate of Brooklyn College emailed me to express his pain, arguing that SJP does not advocate terrorism and that the posters are a form of “intimidation, by smearing these students as terrorists, in order to silence their political freedom in this country.”
And although the posters were designed to intimidate the leaders of SJP, they were at times read as expressing hatred of Jews, which pained others. One Jewish student emailed me to express sadness and alarm at the hashtag “Jewhatred” on the posters.
I unequivocally condemn the hateful content of these posters. The images and words were frightening and hostile to both supporters of SJP and advocates of free speech on campus, including many Jews. In particular, they targeted individual SJP leaders with the aim of bullying them and making them vulnerable to additional harassment or worse.
Thoughtful people on all sides condemn this act. Nadya Drukker, executive director of Tanger Hillel at Brooklyn College, for instance, emailed to emphasize, “This type of action does not represent the views of Jewish students on campus, and it does not represent Hillel’s values.”
Meanwhile, on Oct. 25, a Brooklyn College student found four swastikas carved into a female bathroom stall on the campus. I unequivocally condemn this hateful act as well. Given the enormous tragedy that befell the Jewish people—and many others—under the sign of the swastika only 70 years ago, I must emphasize my disgust. Many in our community have relatives who suffered and died in the Holocaust. Let me underscore: Antisemitism has no place at Brooklyn College. Islamophobia or other forms of bigotry directed against Muslims or Arabs also has no place here.
In years past, some have felt offended by SJP’s protests and have asked the Brooklyn College administration to ban the student group. We cannot. In their “Report to Chancellor Milliken on Allegations of Anti-Semitism at CUNY,” federal judge Barbara Jones and former prosecutor Paul Shechtman found that most demonstrations on CUNY campuses are protected speech. The report explained:
Die-ins, mock checkpoints, and the SJP banner may offend some, but the First Amendment does not permit a public university to take action against them. As the Supreme Court has reminded, free speech may “best serve its high purpose when it induces a condition of unrest, creates dissatisfaction with conditions as they are, or even stirs people to anger.” Political speech is often provocative and challenging, but that is why it is vital to university life. If college students are not exposed to views with which they may disagree, their college has short-changed them.
As a public university, Brooklyn College is bound by the strictures of the First Amendment. We cannot suppress speech with which we disagree based on its content or viewpoint. As the Jones/Shechtman report indicates, under the Constitution, “CUNY cannot punish such speech unless it is part of a course of conduct so pervasive or severe that it denies a person’s ability to pursue an education or participate in University life.”
Moreover, as an institution of higher education, we are deeply committed to robust discourse. We cherish open dialog and engagement with ideas that test and even contradict our own. We understand that speech can harm, but we believe that the vast majority of harmful speech is best countered with more speech. We trust that reason will persuade, even with regard to the most challenging geo-political conflicts of our time.
Academic freedom not only prevents the suppression of dissident views; it also forces us to confront those whose beliefs are antithetical to our own. The opportunity to have one’s beliefs challenged, to reflect, and to consider change is the very purpose of a university. Free speech, debate, and the open exchange of ideas are the oxygen of our existence on this campus. We must engage.
I encourage every one of us to reach out beyond our comfort zone and encounter someone who is different in some way. Exchange greetings of peace and spend some time talking and trying to understand the world from their perspective. Our ability to understand perspectives different from our own is crucial to developing our analytical skills and navigating an increasingly complex and interconnected world. Let us not just reject hate; let us approach one another with openness and compassion.
In the coming months, I would like to work with a group of students, staff, and faculty to develop a series of lectures and events for next spring that elevates our discourse around these issues. If you are interested in helping shape the dialog, please reach out to me at BCPresident@brooklyn.cuny.edu. As a public institution, we are bound to uphold free speech, but we must ensure that extremists on all sides do not have the loudest voices. We must work together to elevate the debate and to enhance our historical, cultural, and political understanding of the issues.
Michelle J. Anderson
President, Brooklyn College
LETTER FROM DAVID HOROWITZ’S LEGAL COUNSEL TO MICHELLE J. ANDERSON
November 2, 2016
VIA E-MAIL: BCPresident@brooklyn.cuny.edu
AND VIA U.S. POSTAL SERVICE
Michelle J. Anderson
2900 Bedford Avenue
Brooklyn, New York 11210
Re: Your defamatory statements regarding David Horowitz
Dear Ms. Anderson:
This firm represents David Horowitz and the David Horowitz Freedom Center (“Freedom Center”) regarding the malicious and false claims you made about them in a letter to all students, staff, and faculty and posted on the Internet on or about November 1, 2016. (See your attached letter.) The letter refers to posters placed by student allies of the Freedom Center that satirize and characterize the activities of Students for Justice in Palestine (SJP) in order to bring awareness to the growing trend of anti-Semitism on college campuses and to have organizations such as SJP labeled as a hate group so that its status as a student group may be revoked and so that universities and colleges, such as Brooklyn College, will stop supporting anti-Semitism and the supporters of terrorism.
In your letter, you claim the following:
(1) that Brooklyn College, as an institution of higher education, is “deeply committed to robust discourse”;
(2) that you “cherish open dialog and engagement with ideas that test and even contradict our own”;
(3) that “the vast majority of harmful speech is best countered with more speech”;
(4) that the “opportunity to have one’s beliefs challenged, to reflect, and to consider change is the very purpose of a university”;
(5) that “[f]ree speech, debate, and the open exchange of ideas are the oxygen of our existence on this campus”;
(6) that “[o]ur ability to understand perspectives different than our own is crucial to developing analytical skills and navigating an increasingly complex and interconnected world”;
(7) that “[w]e must work together to elevate the debate and to enhance our historical, cultural, and political understanding of the issues”; and
(8) that “[w]e cannot suppress speech with which we disagree based on its content or viewpoint.” (Emphasis added.)
However, in response to the Freedom Center’s poster campaign and publications, which merely express ideas with which you apparently disagree, your letter declares that you “unequivocally condemn the hateful content of these posters.”
In contrast, your letter admits that “some have felt offended by SJP’s protests and have asked Brooklyn College administration to ban the student group.” However, since you apparently agree with SJP’s message, you refuse to condemn their anti-Semitic and offensive protests in any way. Instead of investigating SJP, as you should have done in response to the serious issues raised by Mr. Horowitz’s posters, you have decided it is easier to castigate and demonize Mr. Horowitz and to close your eyes to the hateful and anti-Semitic activities and fundraising that SJP engages in.
In doing so, you have set up a hypocritical, double standard — you claim you are defending First Amendment freedoms when you agree with the “offensive” message of your political allies, but you “unequivocally condemn” the “offensive” messages of those with whom you disagree. If you really believed in “robust discourse” and in your list of “free speech” platitudes above, you would be treat all advocacy groups in the same way. Your actions betray your real purposes.
You also adopt, without any investigation, specious third party claims by the Southern Poverty Law Center (“SPLC”) that Mr. Horowitz and the Freedom Center are “anti-Muslim voices” espousing “radical ideologies” and are “exporter[s] of misinformation.” If you had investigated these claims, you would have discovered that, on October 30, 2016, Tablet Magazine published on the Internet an article exposing the SPLC’s recent blacklisting of David Horowitz and other writers and intellectuals. The article, called “A New Blacklist From the Southern Poverty Law Center Marks the Demise of a Once-Vital Organization,” is written by Lee Smith, a senior editor at the Weekly Standard and a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute. (See attached article.)
Lee’s article outlines in detail how the SPLC, who once valiantly fought against violent supremacist groups like the Ku Klux Klan and defended those advocating non-violence, has turned on advocates of non-violence, like Maajid Nawaz, a practicing Muslim who is working within his Muslim community to push back against extremism. Nawaz frequently insists that “Islam is a religion of peace,” but because he is critical of those within his own faith who preach violent resolution of conflicts, the SPLC accuses Nawaz of “blasphemy” (a surprising term for an alleged civil rights organization) and targets him and others on SPLC’s blacklist as being anti-Muslim extremists. Really? Who is being extreme?
Instead of defending Nawaz’s advocacy of non-violence and diversity of thought, the SPLC is “now aggressively defending the kind of violent supremacists it had once sought to prosecute, and attacking types like Nawaz it had once defended against violence.” The article explores several reasons for the SPLC’s betrayal of its prior mission, suggesting that the blacklist has nothing to do with real anti-Muslim extremism and is simply being used to smear those whose ideas run counter to the SPLC’s.
Moreover, despite your claim that Mr. Horowitz’s posters are “hateful”, you are unable to cite any credible sources showing that Mr. Horowitz is “anti-Muslim” or hateful in any way. David Horowitz’s life work embodies his support for equal rights for all races — and his conviction that most Muslims are law-abiding, decent people. He has in fact organized protests on more than 100 college campuses against the oppression of Muslim women. He has published booklets against the oppression of Muslim women. He has sponsored panels with Muslim speakers against the oppression of Muslim women. There are numerous videos of his campus speeches on the Internet where he can be seen saying that his efforts are not directed against all Muslims, but are conducted on behalf of most Muslims against the hijacking of their religion by totalitarian radicals who are conducting a campaign of hatred against Jews and gays and other minority groups.
Very few people have done as much as David Horowitz to expose the ongoing oppression of women, Jews, gays, and other minorities in Muslim-dominated countries, which should have been self-evident to you from recent news stories demonstrating large-scale murder and repression of minority rights by ISIS in Syria and Iraq. Your suggestion that Mr. Horowitz is being “offensive” by criticizing groups who help fund and support terrorists reveals your stunning betrayal of minority rights. Mr. Horowitz’s research and exposure of the abuse of minority groups at the hands of extremist elements in Muslim countries should be a legitimate part of any dialogue on a university campus concerned with Middle East conflicts. Indeed, your labeling of his work as “hateful” is positively Orwellian in nature and your shameful silence in the face of large-scale repression of women, Jews, gays, and other minorities in such countries suggests your tacit approval of such abuses.
Accordingly, David Horowitz demands that you immediately apologize and retract your false accusations that he, the Freedom Center, or their poster campaign are “anti-Muslim” or “hateful”. In the alternative, Mr. Horowitz would welcome the opportunity to speak at Brooklyn College to counter the false perception you and others have created about his work and to educate students about the oppression of women, Jews, gays, and other minorities in the Middle East. If you really believe in the First Amendment platitudes you have described in your letter, you will welcome the diversity that his viewpoint offers.
Although he would prefer to resolve this matter on an amicable basis, Mr. Horowitz reserves the right to exercise all his legal remedies to limit any damage to his reputation or income resulting from the foregoing violations of his rights based on your failure to recant or your continuing publication of false statements in the future. We await your response.
GREENWALD & HOFFMAN, LLP
Paul A. Hoffman
Individual Rights Foundation affiliate counsel
cc: David Horowitz
Manuel Klausner, Esq.