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World’s Oldest Jewish Prayer Book Makes Its Way Home to Jerusalem



Steve Green in Bible Lands Museum unveiling of the siddur, September 18. (Photo Credit: Anav Silverman, Tazpit News Agency)

The 1,200 year-old ancient prayer book on display in the Bible Lands Museum. (Photo Credit: Anav Silverman)

Greek-Orthodox Minister Gabriel Nadaf of Nazareth. (Photo Credit: Anav Silverman)

It was a historical moment at Jerusalem’s Bible Lands Museum on Thursday night, September 18, as the world’s oldest known Jewish prayer book, or siddur, was displayed for the first time to the general public with leading Jewish and Christian figures present. The siddur, which is 1,200 years old, belongs to Steve Green of Oklahoma, who owns the largest private collection of biblical artifacts in the world, with over 44,000 rare texts and biblically-related objects.

This prayer book will be displayed for one month in the Book of Books exhibit, the internationally-acclaimed exhibition which displays the most important biblical texts and traces the history of the Bible and the dissemination of the monotheistic faith. On display are original fragments from the Septuagint, the earliest New Testament Scriptures, exquisite illuminated manuscripts, and rare fragments from the Cairo Geniza and original pages from the Gutenberg Bible.

“We are honored to have the prayer book in our Book of Books exhibition. This book is a real treasure of the Jewish people, evidence of a thriving and creative community and cultural life 1,200 years ago, and we are honored to have it in our ‘Book of Books’ exhibition.” said Amanda Weiss, the Director of the Bible Lands Museum. We are happy for the opportunity to provide our visitors the privilege to see in person the ancient prayer book during the final month of the exhibition.”

The 50-page ancient prayer book, still with its original binding and cover, is written in Hebrew and contains three main parts; the morning service, liturgical poems and the Haggadah read at the Passover Seder. It dates back to the first half of the Ninth Century AD during the period of the Babylonian Geonim, the spiritual leaders of the Jewish community in the early medieval era. It was during this period that Amram Gaon, one of the leading Geonim, wrote an orderly liturgy for the first time used for both the synagogue and home. The siddur originates from the Middle East and has undergone sophisticated carbon-test dating methods to validate its age.

“Scholars have yet to fully research the prayer book,” added Weiss, noting that that there are experts around the world studying high-quality digitalized versions of the siddur.

Green purchased the siddur over a year and a half ago for his Oklahoma-based collection but the prayer book will eventually be permanently hosted at the Museum of the Bible which is currently under construction in Washington D.C. Before the prayer book was purchased by Green, it was originally in the hands of a private family for many generations according to Weiss.

“I know that the Jewish people have a great appreciation for this prayer book,” Green told Tazpit News Agency. “It’s been through many travels and I’m glad that it has made its way here to Jerusalem,” he added. Green, who is Chairman of the Museum of the Bible, stated that he grew up in a ‘Bible-loving family’ of Christian ministers and wants to cultivate appreciation for the Bible worldwide.

Among those present at the unveiling of the prayer book at the Bible Lands Museum on Thursday night were Speaker of the Knesset, MK Yuli Edlestein and Father Gabriel Nadaf, a Nazareth-based Greek Orthodox priest, who has worked to foster closer ties between Jewish and Christian communities in Israel.

“I’m proud to be here this evening because together we are witnessing our shared history and faith, and experiencing history anew from eyes that appreciate the past,” Nadaf told Tazpit. “It’s a very moving moment and it comes from the heart, to see where we originally come from.”

“The Book of Books exhibition has provided the public with an excellent example of a shared history and value system amongst Jews and Christians,” Weiss said. “Father Nadaf is the living embodiment of tracing these roots and working towards repairing these historic ties for the good of the State of Israel and both peoples around the world, and it is significant that he is honored here in a museum dedicated to our shared texts.”

“Not only are we the ‘People of the Book’, we are the people of the same book, the same language and the same prayers,” said Speaker Edelstein. “These are the exact same words millions of Jews say every morning and this is the best example of Jewish continuity.”

(Tazpit News Agency)

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